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Radial fans are used to transport gases with non-excessive pressure differences. The medium is drawn in axially to the drive shaft of the radial fan and is deflected by 90° by the rotation of the rotor and discharged radially.
The experimental unit provides the basic experiments to get to know the operating behaviour and the most important characteristic variables of radial fans.
HM 280 features a radial fan with variable speed via a frequency converter, an intake pipe and a delivery pipe. The transparent intake pipe is fitted with guide plates for flow guidance and with a flow straightener to calm the air. This enables precise measurements even with heavily reduced operation. The air flow is adjusted by a throttle valve at the end of the delivery pipe.
To demonstrate the effect of different blade shapes two rotors are included in the scope of delivery: one rotor with forward curved blades and one with backward curved blades. The rotors are easily interchangeable.
The experimental unit is fitted with sensors for pressure and temperature. The flow rate is determinated via differential pressure measurement on the intake nozzle.
The microprocessor-based measuring technique is well protected in the housing. All the advantages of software-supported experiments and evaluation are offered by the GUNT software and the microprocessor. The connection to a PC is made by USB.
The well-structured instructional material sets out the fundamentals and provides a step-by-step guide through the experiments.
Learning Objectives / Experiments
- operating behaviour and characteristic variables of a radial fan
- recording the fan characteristic (pressure difference as a function of the flow rate)
- effect of the rotor speed on the pressure
- effect of the rotor speed on the flow rate
- effect of different blade shapes on the fan characteristic and efficiency
- determination of hydraulical power output and efficiencies