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Unlike standard compression refrigeration systems, vapour jet refrigerating machines do not have a mechanical but a vapour jet compressor. This makes it possible to use different heat sources for cold production. Such sources could e.g. be solar energy or process waste heat.
The system includes two refrigerant circuits: one circuit is used for cold production (refrigeration cycle), the other circuit is used for the generation of motive vapour (vapour cycle).
The vapour jet compressor compresses the refrigerant vapour and transports it to the condenser. A transparent tank with a water-cooled pipe coil serves as condenser. In the refrigeration cycle some of the condensed refrigerant flows into the evaporator connected to the intake side of the vapour jet compressor. The evaporator is a so-called flooded evaporator where a float valve keeps the filling level constant. The refrigerant absorbs the ambient heat or the heat from the heater and evaporates. The refrigerant vapour is aspirated by the vapour jet compressor and compressed again.
In the vapour cycle a pump transports the other part of the condensate into a vapour generator. An electrically heated tank with water jacket evaporates the refrigerant. The generated refrigerant vapour drives the vapour jet compressor.
All relevant measured values, such as temperature and pressures, are measured and displayed in the experimental unit. The heater power at the evaporator is adjustable. The cooling water flow rate at the condenser is adjusted using a valve.
The well-structured instructional material sets out the fundamentals and provides a step-by-step guide through the experiments.
Learning Objectives / Experiments
- understanding compression refrigeration systems based on the vapour jet method
- clockwise and anticlockwise Rankine cycle
- energy balances
- calculation of the coefficient of performance of the refrigeration circuit
- thermodynamic cycle in the log p-h diagram
- operating behaviour under load
 investigation of a vapour jet compressor
 refrigeration circuit with condenser, evaporator and vapour jet compressor for refrigerant
 vapour circuit with pump and vapour generator for operating the vapour jet compressor
 transparent tank with water-cooled pipe coil as condenser
 transparent tank with adjustable heater as evaporator
 flooded evaporator with float valve as expansion element
 vapour generator with electrically heated water jacket
 measurement of amperage and voltage to determine the power at the evaporator
 refrigerant Solkatherm SES36, CFC-free
Vapour jet compressor
- dmin convergent-divergent nozzle: approx. 1,7mm
- dmin mixing jet: approx. 7mm
- tank: approx. 3,5L
- pipe coil area: approx. 0,17m²
- tank: approx. 3,5L
- heater power: 4x 125W
- refrigerant tank: approx. 0,75L
- water jacket: approx. 9L
- heater power: 2kW
- max. flow rate: approx. 1,7L/min
- max. head: approx. 70mWS
- current: 0...2,5A
- voltage: 0...230VAC
- temperature: 10x -20...200°C
- pressure: 2x 0...10bar / 2x -1...1,5bar
- flow rate (cooling water): 6...75g/s
Dimensions and Weight
Weight: approx. 170kg Required for Operation 230V, 50/60Hz, 1 phase
Scope of Delivery
1 experimental unit
4kg refrigerant Solkatherm SES36
1 set of instructional material